Weaving is not a simple, straightforward process. Firstly the weaver must decide what article is to be woven and what it will be used for. Heavier yarn is required for harder wearing items such as rugs, throws, bags etc whereas finer yarns are perfect for scarves.
The weaver must be able to translate the pattern to be woven into a threading and lifting plan such as the one pictured below.
This is then used to determine how the yarn is threaded through the heddles and the order of treadling.
| ||Preparing the warp|
Yarn is wound round the warping mill in the order and to the length required for weaving
| ||Threading the reed|
The yarn is threaded through the reed to ensure that it is equally spaced. Different gauges of reed are used depending on what is to be woven.
| ||Winding onto the loom|
The yarn is wound on the loom under tension to ensure an even quality to the finished article.
| ||Threading the heddles|
The heddles are connected to the treadles. The weaver raises and lowers the treadles with their feet to create the pattern.
| ||Tying On|
The yarn is tied to a rod at the front of the loom so that the yarn is held under even tension and can be wound around a beam as weaving progresses.
| ||Starting weaving|
Once all the preparation work is completed weaving can commence. The treadles are raised and lowered and the shuttle is passed through the yarn. The reed is beaten forward to keep the weaving even.
| ||Weaving the pattern|
The above process is repeated and the pattern emerges in the weaving.
| ||Loom state - before finishing|
When the article is removed from the loom it still needs to be finished. It needs to be washed and treated and loose ends are tied and fringes twisted and knotted.