There are eight stages involved in the process of turning the wool from a sheep into a tapestry like the one shown below.
- Shearing – These tapestries are woven from wool that comes from the fleece of the rare Norfolk Horn breed of sheep.
- Washing – The fleece must be thoroughly cleaned to ensure even dyeing.
- Carding – Fibres in the fleece are separated and straightened using hand carders – a type of wire brush.
- Mordanting – A mordant helps the dye to permanently fix to the wool. In this case alum has been used as the mordant.
- Dyeing – The wool is dyed using natural dyes gathered locally from plants.
- Modifying – Modifiers are applied after dyeing to achieve the variation of hues and shades.
- Spinning – Fibres are spun on a drop spindle or spinning wheel to produce a woollen thread.
- Weaving – The wool is woven by hand on a peg loom to produce the tapestry.